Centenary of the Great War

By admin • 成都桑拿 • 17 Dec 2018

END IN SIGHT: By September 1918, the war in the Middle East was fast approaching its end and would be finished the following month. Photo: The Digger’s View, Juan Mahony

Newcastle Morning Herald Transcriptions and Hunter Valley enlistment and death details for September 16-22, 1918.TOTALS TO DATEThe weekly return issued by the Defence Department shows that the casualties in the AIFto date total 277,876. Details are as follow: Dead, 52,187; missing, 87; prisoners, 3377; wounded, 147,422; sick, 74,589; unspecified, 216.

WITH THE AUSTRALIANSThe n troops are gradually coming up against stiff German resistance as they approach the Hindenburg line. We know perfectly well the strength of this great defensive system. A partial attempt has therefore been made to make a breach in the German position. On Saturday the New South Welshmen took a portion of the German position, whereupon the Germans launched a really strong counter-attack, and the n posts were driven back, but on Sunday they advanced, and took the same position without serious opposition.

Mr Philip Gibbs reports: Beyond Peronne and the outskirts of St. Quentin the Austerities are working forward a little, but letting the enemy retire to the Hindenburg line more or less at his leisure. Knowing he intends to get there, it is useless wasting men in hurrying him up.

DEFEAT OF TURKSA report from British headquarters in Palestine says that on Thursday General Allenby’s army brilliantly carried a whole series of Turkish fortified positions from the coast across the plain of Sharon.It was a surprise attack on the enemy’s strongest entrenchments. The infantry attacked after ten minutes’ bombardment, and swiftly carried the elaborate systems, and enabled the Yeomanry, n Light Horse, and Indian cavalry to pass through. The horsemen are now in the enemy’s rear. Fully 3000 prisoners were taken. The position is most promising.

AMERICA’S TROOPSA Washington correspondent of The Times on June 28 writes: “Under arms today in the American army are 186,000 negroes. If the manpower of the United States is wholly put into the field, on the same scale as in Europe, 900,000 black soldiers will appear in France and Flanders. It is not in the ranks alone that the negro fighter is found. There are 650 commissioned officers, all men of college education, among them, commanding coloured troops, and fresh promotions are frequently made. And, in addition, 225 negroes are serving as doctors and dentists, which implies that they hold diplomas from colleges. In the black regiments, since the beginning of the war, about 200 veteran NCOs have been given commissioned rank. Before the institution of the selective draft, but after the declaration of war on Germany, 29,000 negroes joined the volunteer army, and 7000 went into the National Guard units, joining their 7000 comrades who were in the regular army before the war.

HOME LEAVE FOR ANZACSThe Official Correspondent with the ns, writing from Headquarters in France says: Home leave will be given to the ns for the first time since the beginning of the war. The n soldiers to whom, owing to great difficulties of shipping, home leave has been unknown, will now obtain this privilege for their old enlisted men on the n Prime Minister’s urgent appeal. This magnificent piece of news was given to the n soldiers on Saturday by Mr. Hughes who visited the n front.

Speaking to a number of n soldiers, who had been in Egypt, Gallipoli, and France, since 1914, Mr Hughes said as the result of strong representations to the War Office, he had succeeded in making arrangements whereby the men who enlisted in 1914, of whom it is estimated about 7000 are still with the n Force abroad, will be granted home leave. Arrangements had already been concluded whereby the men leave for during the autumn, the whole number being despatched before the winter sets in. The Prime Minister said the arrangement provided for their return to the front during the spring. He believed that the preference in of her splendid men would give an immense impetus to recruiting.

This announcement has received an immensely warm welcome throughout the whole force. The sudden chance of seeing again which MrHughes’ efforts has thus obtained for them, comes to these old diggers with overwhelming strength of feeling, so great that no n could be unmoved.

NEWS OF THE DAYA direct appeal to enlist is to be made by post to the 800,000 men of military age in the Commonwealth.

STATE RECRUITINGThe number of recruits enlisted in New South Wales for the week just ended was the lowest for some months past. Only 184 men were accepted.

BRIGADIER-GENERAL PATONBrigadier-General Paton, CB, CMG, VD, in a letter received a few days ago by a Newcastle resident, makes mention of his early return to Newcastle. He is feeling the effects of his four years’ campaigning, and, as he has been in hospital for some time, the probabilities are he shall not return to the front. In referring to a big operation carried out by his brigade and a brigade of Americans, he writes: “It is a remarkable and memorable coincidence that the first time the soldiers of the Republic should go ‘over the top’ in company with the Diggers was on July 4, the anniversary of their day of independence.”

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL BEIERSNews has been received In Newcastle that Lieutenant-colonel Beiers, MC, has been “invalided out”as medically unfit for further active service. Lieutenant-colonel Beiers suffered considerably from ill-health and since an operation for appendicitis had been on the sick-list. Prior to war breaking out he had been employed in the drawing office of the Sulphide Corporation at Cockle Creek, and at the Government Dockyard, Walsh Island. He left as a lieutenant, and at the time of his retirement was commanding the 19th Battalion. It is not his intention to return to , as he has accepted a position with an engineering firm in England.

SERGEANT TUNNEYInformation has been received that Sergeant John Tunney, of Pelaw Main, was killed in France on August 30.

17TH BATTALION FUNDAt the second annual meeting of the 17th Battalion Comforts Fund, there was a large attendance of members. The report, submitted by Miss J. Holdon, the honorary secretary, showed that they had had another busy year. In all, 504 pairs of socks had been despatched to the front, and the appeal for Christmas cheer had also been satisfactory. Thirteen cases, containing 312 boxes, had been sent, the total value being £78. Thanks were tendered to all workers and friends for their help.

ANZACS ON HOME LEAVEAt the meeting of the council of the Newcastle Chamber of Commerce, Mr J.CReid, the president, referred to the arrangements made by Mr Hughes, the Prime Minister, for extended leave to the men who enlisted in 1914, to enable them to return to for a time.Mr Reid pointed out that the Lord Mayor of Sydney had already called a meeting to arrange for a fitting welcome to the men, adding that he had no doubt that a similar movement would be initiated in Newcastle. He promised the support of the chamber of commerce in any steps which might be taken in the direction. The men of Newcastle made a fine response in the early months of the war. The day that Mr Fisher, who was then Prime Minister, announced that it had been decided to offer to Great Britain the services of a force of 20,000 ns, Newcastle men hurried to Sydney to offer their services. Many of them have fallen. Others have come back wounded, but in the 7000 of the original contingent now in France there are many Newcastle district men who, in answer to the first note in the call to arms, gave their services. Since that day they have borne the burden of battle. While the full arrangements in connection with the furlough of the Anzacs have not yet been announced, it is known that some of them will be here by Christmas, and all of them will be here by the early part of the coming year. The people of Newcastle have watched their fortunes on the battle front. They have carried themselves well, and they will return for a brief period, full of the honours of war. The support which the president of the chamber of commerce promised to any movement for their fitting reception will be accorded by all sections of the community. Their stay will not be long. It would be unfair to ask from them too much of the time allowed, for home ties will have so strong a call on them.

ABERMAINThe members of the Abermain Comforts Fund have packed and despatched by post 32 parcels of comforts for the soldiers on active service. Each parcel contained the usual supply of comforts so much appreciated by the soldiers. During the last month 242 skeins of wool and 4 packets of knitting cotton have been given out, and 71 pairs of socks, 13 washers, and 1 scarf have been returned.

HAMILTONMr and MrsRobert Jamieson, of William Street, Hamilton have received word of the award of the Military Medal to their son, Corporal Signaller George Jamieson. The decoration was won at Hamel in June last. After the objectives were reached Corporal Jamieson succeeded under heavy fire in establishing urgently needed telephone communication. He personally superintended the laying of the lines, and saw that all the technical gear reached its allotted position. Corporal Jamieson, who prior to enlistment early in 1915, was employed in the Commonwealth Public Service in the Customs Department, both in Sydney and Newcastle, left these shores with 7th Reinforcements, 20th Battalion, in charge of his brother (Lieutenant W.JJamieson), transferring with him later to the 15th Battalion.

WEST MAITLANDLeading Stoker Cecil Grace, who has been invalided home, is expected to arrive at the end of the month. He was at New Guinea on one of the destroyers, and was on HMASSydney in the Emden fight. He afterwards saw service in other parts of the world.

WEST WALLSENDPrivate D. Curran, who came home on Saturday on final leave, was presented with the usual citizen presents by the patriotic committee. The function, owing to Private Curran having to return on Sunday evening, took place in Mr. Low’s picture palace, the proprietor allowing the committee the use of his hall at intermission. MrJ. Campbell introduce Private Curran, and made the presentation, wishing the recipient godspeed and a safe return.

ENLISTMENTSGeorge Savage, Muswellbrook.

DEATHSPte Reginald Edward Crawford, Warnervale; Pte John Williams Davis, West Maitland; Pte Harold George Ellis, Weston; Gnr Cecil Bernard Feneley, West Maitland; Pte Edwin Arthur Frewin, Hamilton; Pte Alexander Chisholm Gordon, Carrington; Pte Frederick Hill, Scone; Pte John Thomas Hope, Merewether; Lieut Cecil Jack McDonald, Ravensworth; Pte Francis Anson Mehan, Mayfield; Pte Lyall Newcombe, East Maitland; Cpl Ernest Gilchrist Nicholls, Merewether; Pte Hugh Robert Ryan, New Lambton; Pte James Edwin Sheldon, Cooks Hill; Pte Samuel Joseph Tanner, Scone.

David Dial OAM is a Hunter Valley-based military historian and member of Hunter Living Histories. Follow his research at facebook成都楼凤/HunterValleyMilitaryHistory

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